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The Peplos Kore is a remarkable ancient Greek sculpture dating back to the Archaic period, specifically around the 6th century BC. It is an iconic representation of a young female figure dressed in a traditional peplos garment, which was commonly worn by women of the time. This exquisite sculpture has captivated art enthusiasts and historians alike, not only for its artistic beauty, but also for the insights it provides into the culture and craftsmanship of ancient Greece. In this article, we will examine the materials used to create the Peplos Kore and explore the significance of these materials in the context of fragrance and perfume.

Marble: The Medium of Choice

The Peplos Kore, like many other ancient Greek sculptures, was primarily made of marble. Marble was highly prized in ancient Greece for its aesthetic appeal, durability, and workability. Sculptors of the time preferred to use white marble, which was abundant in the region and allowed for intricate detail and a smooth finish. The choice of marble as a medium for the Peplos Kore was influenced not only by its practical properties, but also by the symbolic associations it held within ancient Greek culture.
In the realm of fragrance and perfume, marble played an important role. The Greeks believed that certain types of marble possessed natural aromas, and they attributed specific scents to different varieties of the stone. White marble from Paros, for example, was said to have a delicate scent reminiscent of honey. This association between marble and scent likely influenced the choice of marble for the Peplos Kore, adding an extra sensory dimension to the sculpture and creating a multi-sensory experience for the viewer.

Pigments and painted details

Although the Peplos Kore we see today appears as a gleaming white marble figure, it is important to note that the sculpture was not originally colorless. Like many ancient Greek sculptures, the Peplos Kore was painted with vibrant pigments to enhance its visual impact. Traces of paint have been found on various ancient Greek sculptures, providing valuable insight into their original appearance.
The pigments used on the Peplos Kore would have been derived from a variety of natural materials available at the time. These materials included minerals such as malachite and azurite, which provided vivid greens and blues, and ochre, which provided earthy yellows and reds. These pigments were mixed with a binder, such as egg yolk or animal glue, to create a paint that could be applied to the surface of the sculpture.

The inclusion of painted details on the Peplos Kore would have allowed for a more lifelike representation of the garment and the figure’s ornamentation. It is possible that fragrant substances, such as essential oils or floral extracts, were also mixed into the binder to create scented paints. Over time, however, the painted details and any associated fragrances have been lost, leaving us with the pristine white marble appearance we see today.

Decorations and Fragrances

Peplos Kore is adorned with a variety of jewelry and accessories that not only enhance the aesthetic appeal of the sculpture, but also provide insight into the role of scent and perfume in ancient Greek culture. One of the most notable adornments is the diadem, a decorative headband worn by the figure. Diadems were often adorned with precious gems, such as amethyst or emerald, and were sometimes scented with fragrant oils or perfumes.

Perfumes and scents were very important in ancient Greece. They were used for religious rituals, personal grooming, and social occasions. The scent of a perfume was believed to have the power to induce certain emotions or attract divine favor. By adorning the Peplos Kore with scented diadems or other fragrant accessories, the ancient Greeks may have sought to imbue the sculpture with a sense of divine presence or to evoke specific emotions in the viewer.

Conservation and Restoration

The preservation and restoration of the Peplos Kore has been an ongoing challenge for archaeologists and art conservators. Over the centuries, the sculpture has suffered damage and loss, including the deterioration of painted details and their associated scents. However, through meticulous efforts, modern conservation techniques have allowed us to gain valuable insights into the original appearance of the Peplos Kore.

Advanced imaging technologies, such as multispectral imaging and X-ray fluorescence, have been used to identify traces of pigments and better understand the sculpture’s original coloration. These techniques have helped to recreate digital renderings of the Peplos Kore, offering a glimpse into its vibrant past. While the scents associated with the sculpture cannot be fully restored, the knowledge gained from historical records and the scents of the time can inform our understanding and interpretation of the Peplos Kore’s significance in the context of perfume and fragrance in ancient Greece.


The Peplos Kore is a testament to the skill and craftsmanship of the ancient Greeks. Made primarily of marble, this iconic sculpture showcases the beauty and durability of the material. The inclusion of painted details adds a vibrant touch to the sculpture, although the scents associated with these pigments have been lost over time. The ornaments worn by the Peplos Kore, such as scented diadems, provide insight into the importance of scent and perfume in ancient Greek culture. Ongoing conservation and restoration efforts allow us to appreciate the sculpture’s original appearance and understand its significance in the context of perfume and fragrance. The Peplos Kore continues to fascinate and inspire us, offering a glimpse into the rich sensory experiences of ancient Greece.


What is the Peplos Kore made of?

The Peplos Kore is made of marble.

Who created the Peplos Kore?

The Peplos Kore is believed to have been created by an unknown ancient Greek sculptor.

Where was the Peplos Kore discovered?

The Peplos Kore was discovered at the Acropolis of Athens, specifically in the Erechtheion, a temple dedicated to various gods and goddesses.

When was the Peplos Kore created?

The Peplos Kore is estimated to have been created between 530 and 520 BCE, during the Archaic period of ancient Greece.

What is the significance of the Peplos Kore?

The Peplos Kore is considered a significant sculpture due to its artistic and historical value. It is believed to have served as a votive offering or a dedication to a deity, possibly the goddess Athena.

What is the attire worn by the Peplos Kore?

The Peplos Kore wears a peplos, which is a type of ancient Greek garment that consists of a rectangular piece of fabric draped over the body and fastened at the shoulders with brooches or pins.